Flora & Fauna



Faunal Diversity

The faunal diversity documented in NSTR includes 50 species of mammals, 200 species of birds, 54 species of reptiles, 18 species of amphibians, 55 species of fishes, 89 species of butterflies, 57 species of moths, 45 species of beetles, 30 species of dragonflies and damselflies. Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve supports a wide variety of animals, birds, insects, reptiles and amphibians. The Reserve is home to many charismatic animals like :-

Local Name Scientific name
Tiger Panthera tigris
Leopard Panthera pardus
Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus
Asiatic Wild dog Cuon alpinus
Jackal Canis aureus
Ratel Mellivora capensis
Porcupine Hystrix indica
Indian giant squirrel Ratufa indica
Mouse Deer Moschiola indica
Sambar Rusa unicolor
Spotted Deer Axis axis
Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus
Wild boar Sus scrofa

Floral Diversity

Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve epitomizes a typical tropical dry and moist deciduous vegetation, characterized by hilly terrain with plateaus, ridges, gorges and deep valleys with an under growth of Bamboo and grass. NSTR is endowed with a rich floral diversity comprising of trees, shrubs, herbs and climbers. Around 1521 Angiosperm taxa spread over 149 families along with 29 species of grass and 353 species of medicinal plants have been documented. The most predominant trees found here are:-

Local Name Scientific name
NallamaddiTerminalia tomentosa
ChirumanuAnogeissus latifolia
BilluduChloroxylon swietenia
YepiHardwickia binata
PeedayegiPterocarpus marsupium
GumpenaLannea coromandelica
AndugaBoswellia serrata
PachaariDalbergia paniculata
GottiZiziphus xylopyrus
ChennangiLagerstroemia parviflora
TellamaddiTerminalia arjuna